Short answer: No, passengers are not required to show their ID but they should verbally identify themselves to avoid further hassle.
In State v. Williams, 264 Ga. App. 199 (2003), the Georgia Court of Appeals clarified that passengers in a stopped vehicle who are detained by the stop, but are not suspected of any violation or other criminal activity, may be asked for identification by an officer; however, the officer may not convey any message that a response is required. See also Holt v. State, 227 Ga. App. 46 (1997)(unsuspected passenger’s refusal to give accurate identification to officer was not a basis for an obstruction charge); Edgell v. State, 253 Ga. App. 775, 777-778 (2002)(officer at traffic stop may not detain passenger in vehicle absent reasonable suspicion of criminal activity, and may not conduct a Terry pat-down absent reasonable belief that the passenger is armed and poses a danger). Although an officer may not take a passenger’s refusal to answer as providing reasonable suspicion of other criminal activity, see Terry, 392 U.S. at 34, 88 S.Ct. 1868 (White, J., concurring), the refusal may lead the officer to take additional safety precautions.
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